Maximum Power Point Tracking of Wind Energy Conversion System using Fuzzy- Cuckoo Optimization Algorithm Strategy

Authors

Electrical Engineering Department, Imam Khomeini International University, Qazvin, Iran.

Abstract

Nowadays the position of the renewable energy is so important because of the environment pollution and the limitation of fossil fuels in the world. Energy can be generated more and more by the renewable sources, but the fossil fuels are non-renewable. One of the most important renewable sources is the wind energy. The wind energy is an appropriate alternative source of fossil fuel. The replacement rate of renewable energy to fossil fuels is rising, although the production cost is higher than fossil fuels. To further reduce cost of wind production, many methods have been proposed. One of the suitable approaches is the maximum power point tracking strategy. In this paper, a new intelligent maximum power point tracker called Fuzzy- Cuckoo strategy for small- scale wind energy conversion systems is proposed. The maximum power point tracker proposed uses measured wind speed to detect the maximum output power and its respective optimal rotational speed. The main contribution of the proposed approach is to exactly track the maximum power point, so the output power fluctuations captured by wind turbine are less than conventional approaches. The simulations are performed in MATAL/SIMULINK software. The superiority of the proposed approach is validated in two situations, low and rapid changes in wind speed. The maximum power point of wind energy conversion systems can be tracked by the proposed approach in any situation. The higher accuracy of the Fuzzy- cuckoo strategy than the conventional trackers is another advantage of the proposed approach.

Keywords


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