The generation rescheduling is one of the most important methods used in correctional congestion management, which has been the subject of many studies. In the deregulated environment, relieving congestion has a significant impact on the operation and security of the transmission system. Consequently, alleviation of transmission network congestion in all power systems is imperative. In addition, the cost is a top priority in all markets, both electrical and non-electrical. In this paper, the problem of managing congestion is solved using rescheduling (increasing or decreasing) of the active power output of the generators. However, the change in the active power generation imposes a cost depending on the prices offered by the generation companies. The objective is to reschedule the power generation of power plants in such a way as to minimize the congestion cost. The crow search optimization algorithm is employed to determine the optimal solution. Different constraints including those related to the network, transmission lines, and power plants are all modeled and considered in this study. Moreover, various contingencies related to line outage are taken into consideration to cause congestion and necessary measure are applied to relieve the congested lines with the least possible cost.
In order to evaluate the accuracy and effectiveness of the proposed approach in finding the optimal solution, it is conducted on IEEE 30 and 57 bus test systems. The results obtained for the various cases studies indicate the superiority of the proposed method in comparison with other techniques presented in the literature.